The fire on open land on Pitsmoor Road, Pitsmoor, involved a large amount of rubbish.
It generated huge flames and plumes of black smoke.
Emergency services were alerted to the incident just before 10pm.
On Saturday night, crews from Sheffield tackled a huge moorland blaze in Ringinglow, on the outskirts of the city.
Anyone with information about the Pitsmoor blaze should call South Yorkshire Police on 101.