The Derbyshire Times understands that an injury situation at Hillsborough has forced the Owls to bring the young stopper back from the Proact.
It will come as a bitter blow for the Spireites, whose only recognised senior keeper Joe Anyon is out with a broken arm.
Chesterfield have only a pair of youngsters in reserve, but neither Dylan Parkin nor Brad Jones have made a senior debut yet and Town are unlikely to want to throw them in at the deep end in League Two.
Boss Jack Lester will have to try and source a replacement before Saturday’s visit to Stevenage.
Dawson played twice as a Spireite, helping the club to a 2-1 win over Barnet on his debut before the 1-0 defeat at Wycombe on Saturday.