Long-term exposure to aircraft noise linked to high blood pressure

Research has found that long-term exposure to air-craft noise is linked to high blood pressure
Research has found that long-term exposure to air-craft noise is linked to high blood pressure
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People who live near airports are more likely to suffer high blood pressure as it is linked to long term exposure to aircraft noise, according to new research.

Researchers found long term exposure to aircraft noise, particularly during the night, is linked to an increased risk of developing high blood pressure and possibly heart flutter and stroke as well.

And night-time noise may be particularly influential, with every extra ten decibels of noise doubling the risk.

The research team drew on figures from 420 people living near Athens International Airport in Greece, where up to 600 planes take off and land every day.

They formed one of six groups of people living near six large European airports who had taken part in the HYENA study, which assessed the potential health impacts of aircraft noise in 2004-6.

The aircraft and road traffic noise exposure levels estimated for their postcodes at that time - less than 50 decibels to more than 60 dB - were used for the current study in 2013.

Daytime aircraft noise was defined as that occurring between 7am and 11pm, and that occurring between 11pm and 7am was defined as night-time aircraft noise.

Around half of the participants (just under 45 per cent) were exposed to more than 55 dB of daytime aircraft noise, while around one in four (just over 27 per cent) were exposed to more than 45 dB of night-time aircraft noise.

Only around one in nine (11 per cent) were exposed to significant road traffic noise of more than 55 dB.

Between 2004-6 and 2013, 71 people were newly diagnosed with high blood pressure and 44 were diagnosed with heart flutter, also known as cardiac arrhythmia. A further 18 had a heart attack.

Study leader Professor Klea Katsouyanni, of the University of Athens Medical School and the Environmental Research Group at King's College London, said: "Exposure to aircraft noise, particularly at night, was associated with all cases of high blood pressure, and with new cases.

"When all cases of high blood pressure were included, every additional 10 dB of night-time aircraft noise was associated with a 69 per cent heightened risk of the condition.

"When only new cases were included, every additional 10 dB was associated with a more than doubling in risk.

"Exposure to night-time aircraft noise was also associated with a doubling in risk of heart flutter diagnosed by a doctor, but this only reached statistical significance when all cases, not just new ones, were included in the calculations.

"A heightened risk of stroke was similarly linked to increasing aircraft noise exposure, but this was not statistically significant, possibly because of the small number of cases involved, suggest the researchers."

The associations between road traffic noise and ill health were much weaker and less consistent, according to the findings published online by the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Prof Katsouyanni added: "This is one of the first long term follow-up studies of aircraft noise so it's not possible to draw conclusions about cause and effect at this stage until more evidence become available."

The researchers said they were unable to look at specific causes of death among the 78 people who died between 2004-6 and 2013.

And the numbers studied were also relatively small, and it wasn't possible to account for the potential effects of air pollution.

But Prof Katsouyanni added: "Nevertheless, a growing body of evidence links noise exposure to ill health."