Nearly 180 employers have been named and shamed by the Government for underpaying thousands of minimum wage workers.
High street chains Wagamama and TGI Friday's, along with hotels giant Marriott, have topped a list of firms "named and shamed" by the Government for failing to pay workers the national minimum wage.
The trio were among 179 employers that also include Premier League football club Stoke City, Birmingham City Football Club and rugby clubs St Helens and London Irish.
Wagamama was said to have failed to pay £133,212 to 2,630 workers, the most of any of the companies named.
TGI Friday's, meanwhile, shortchanged 2,302 of its staff to the tune of £59,348.
Marriott failed to pay £71,723 to 279 workers, according to figures released by the Business Department.
A total of £1.1 million in back pay was identified for 9,200 workers, with retail, hairdressing and hospitality businesses the most prolific offenders.
The Government also fined the employers a total of £1.3 million in penalties.
Failing to pay workers for travelling between jobs, not paying overtime, and deducting money for uniforms were some of the reasons for the underpayments.
On that date, the National Living Wage will go up from £7.50 to £7.83 per hour.
A TGI Fridays spokesperson said: "To confirm, TGI Fridays does pay the National Minimum Wage hourly rate.
"The total figure quoted in today's HMRC list relates to reimbursing team members a shoe allowance.
"This is a historic payment which was paid last year, and we have since reimbursed team members for the purchase of their black uniform shoes."
A Stoke City spokesman said: "Once this matter was brought to our attention we moved swiftly to repay the money to the members of staff concerned.
"The issue arose from our now historical practice of allowing staff to pay for tickets and retail merchandise voluntarily purchased from the club via deduction from their monthly salaries, for which the employees gave written permission for deductions to be made.
"Employees are now no longer permitted to purchase match or club lottery tickets or items from the club shop via such a wage deduction scheme.
"As a result, the reported breach will not recur and the club is confident that we are now fully compliant with all current regulations."
TUC general secretary Frances O'Grady said: "It's shocking to see so many household names on this list.
"The minimum wage has been around for nearly 20 years - there's no excuse for not paying it.
"Employers who cheat their staff out of the minimum wage deserve to be named and shamed. And they will rightly face hefty financial penalties.
"Minimum wage dodgers must have nowhere to hide."
A spokesman for Marriott said the company "is committed to compliance with the national minimum wage", adding: "When an error was identified by a routine HMRC audit in 2015, we cooperated fully with HMRC and promptly reimbursed all those affected.
"We apologise to all our associates impacted by this error and have taken steps to ensure it cannot happen again."
Wagamama responded by saying that it has always paid minimum wage and makes sure that staff receive 100% of their tips.
"This was an inadvertent misunderstanding of how the minimum wage regulations apply to uniforms and as soon as we were made aware of this in 2016 we acted immediately to correct the position," it said.
"In the past we didn't realise that asking our front of house staff to wear casual black jeans or skirts, with their Wagamama branded top, was considered as asking them to buy a form of uniform and so we should have paid them for it. Lots of other businesses were also unaware of this regulation around casual wear.
"We have gladly made payments to current and previous employees who missed out dating back from 2016 to 2013. We have also updated our uniform policy and we now pay a uniform supplement to cover the black jeans."
These are the 179 employers who were named and shamed by the Government
Wagamama Limited, Westminster W1F, failed to pay £133,212.42 to 2,630 workers
Marriott Hotels Limited, Luton LU1, failed to pay £71,722.93 to 279 workers
Thursday (UK) Limited, trading as TGI Friday’s, Luton LU1, failed to pay £59,347.64 to 2,302 workers
National Society For Epilepsy (THE), Chiltern SL9, failed to pay £55,251.37 to 26 workers
Wright Leisure Limited, trading as Xercise4less, Leeds LS4, failed to pay £54,290.37 to 240 workers
Ms Sarah Jane Bowman and Ms Annabel Garland Farnell-Watson, trading as Hazelwood House, South Hams TQ7, failed to pay £48,288.66 to 3 workers
Seashells Limited, Conwy LL29, failed to pay £43,235.91 to 68 workers
Bridge End House Nursery Limited, Calderdale HD6, failed to pay £41,938.73 to 2 workers
Globebrow Limited, trading as Manor Adventure, Shropshire SY7, failed to pay £33,889.80 to 111 workers
Moy Park Limited, Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon BT63, failed to pay £33,547.57 to 338 workers
Daniele Petteno Ltd, trading as Daniele Petteno Architecture Workshop, Wandsworth SW15, failed to pay £28,410.25 to 12 workers
Beautiful Spots Limited, trading as Benito Brow Bar, Islington B2, failed to pay £27,184.28 to 97 workers
Threshold Housing Project Limited, trading as Threshold, Tameside OL6, failed to pay £26,033.75 to 41 workers
Heather Park Community Services Limited, North Lanarkshire ML2, failed to pay £26,018.63 to 73 workers
1st Pizza Direct Limited, Highland IV3, failed to pay £25,668.15 to 87 workers
4Fashions Ltd, trading as Dress Decode, Manchester M8, failed to pay £25,616.56 to 24 workers
Wilson’s Country Limited, Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon BT63, failed to pay £24,560.53 to 63 workers
Lickfold Inn Limited, trading as The Lickfold Inn, Chichester GU28, failed to pay £23,754.87 to 37 workers
North London Asian Care, Enfield N13, failed to pay £15,687.49 to 70 workers
Witham Hand Car Wash Ltd, Braintree CM8, failed to pay £10,051.99 to 6 workers
Karen Millen Fashions Limited, West Oxfordshire OX29, failed to pay £9,847.20 to 28 workers
Mr Muhammad Adnan Safdar and Mrs Khadija Javaid, trading as Citi Dental Surgery, Glasgow City G51, failed to pay £8,733.33 to 2 workers
Mr Akbor Miah, trading as Dil Indian Cuisine, Monmouthshire NP15, failed to pay £7,936.78 to 2 workers
Albury Estate Fisheries (2008) Limited, trading as Albury Estate Fisheries, Hounslow TW8, failed to pay £7,511.32 to 1 workers
Atkins Hotels Limited, trading as The Yorke Arms (previous ownership), Harrogate HG3, failed to pay £7,241.82 to 3 workers
Adactus Housing Group Limited, Wigan WN7, failed to pay £7,098.96 to 9 workers
Meejana Limited, trading as Meejana, Elmbridge KT13, failed to pay £6,488.88 to 6 workers
Summer Lodge Management Limited, trading as Summer Lodge Country House Hotel Restaurant & Spa, West Dorset DT2, failed to pay £6,168.48 to 24 workers
Davies Security Limited, Swansea SA1, failed to pay £5,914.48 to 1 worker
Oakfield Caravan Park Limited, Denbighshire LL18, failed to pay £5,903.37 to 2 workers
Pentlow Community Care Limited, Eastbourne BN21, failed to pay £5,725.38 to 36 workers
Birmingham City Football Club plc, Birmingham B9, failed to pay £5,653.03 to 534 workers
St Helens Rugby Football Club Limited, trading as St Helens R.F.C., St. Helens WA9, failed to pay £5,536.92 to 117 workers
Mr David Wilson, Mrs Doreen Wilson and Mr Darren Wilson, trading as Wilson’s Deliveries, Erewash DE7, failed to pay £4,935.46 to 1 worker
Smart Hand Car Wash Plymouth Ltd, Plymouth PL3, failed to pay £4,817.09 to 2 workers
A1 Care Services Limited, Torfaen NP4, failed to pay £4,652.73 to 66 workers
Jeta Car Wash Ltd, trading as Queensway Car Wash, Arun PO21, failed to pay £4,584.93 to 3 workers
Cost Effective Catering Limited, City of Edinburgh EH4, failed to pay £4,559.11 to 23 workers
SB Patel Ltd, trading as Porth Stores, Merthyr Tydfil CF46, failed to pay £4,454.29 to 2 workers
Plymouth Car Wash Ltd, Plymouth PL4, failed to pay £4,122.92 to 3 workers
Handy Andy Car Wash Ponteland Limited, trading as Handy Andy Car Wash, Northumberland NE20, failed to pay £3,932.55 to 3 workers
Mr Lee Harris and Mr David Wilson, trading as The Barber Shop, West Oxfordshire OX28, failed to pay £3,894.77 to 2 workers
Home Life Carers Limited, Mid Devon EX16, failed to pay £3,675.32 to 31 workers
Simonstone Ltd, trading as Simonstone Hall Hotel, Richmondshire DL8, failed to pay £3,633.42 to 3 workers
SSL Foodservice Ltd, trading as SSL Dairies, Luton LU3, failed to pay £3,576.88 to 8 workers
A2 Car Wash Limited, Southwark SE1, failed to pay £3,553.65 to 3 workers
Pink Innovations Ltd, Kingston upon Hull, City of HU4, failed to pay £3,482.83 to 5 workers
The Blue Bicycle (York) Limited, trading as The Blue Bicycle, York YO1, failed to pay £3,479.46 to 2 workers
The Care Bureau Limited, Warwick CV32, failed to pay £3,423.94 to 343 workers
Box & Charnock Limited, Bedford MK44, failed to pay £3,387.55 to 1 worker
Red Arrow Fulfilment Limited, Test Valley SO51, failed to pay £3,245.85 to 33 workers
Foxlowe Trading Company Limited, Staffordshire Moorlands ST13, failed to pay £3,200.97 to 1 worker
Hideaway Day Nursery Limited, Walsall WS2, failed to pay £3,184.11 to 18 workers
Headromance Ltd, Havant PO9, failed to pay £2,959.64 to 9 workers
QCS Contract Cleaning Ltd, Belfast BT15, failed to pay £2,952.19 to 237 workers
Mr Nigel Birch and Mrs Sarah Shotton, trading as Oasis Hair & Bodycare, Mansfield NG18, failed to pay £2,818.99 to 16 workers
Trinity Pre-School, trading as Trinity Children’s Centre Nursery & Out of School Club, Kirklees WF14, failed to pay £2,612.06 to 3 workers
Mr Wayne Gray and Mrs Margaret Gray, trading as Jackson Gray, Dundee City DD3, failed to pay £2,514 to 4 workers
Busy Bee Montessori Nursery School Limited, trading as Busy Bees Nursery School, Forest Heath IP28, failed to pay £2,488.29 to 19 workers
SBDP1 Limited, Great Yarmouth NR29, failed to pay £2,275.03 to 67 workers
Tayto Group Limited, Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon BT62, failed to pay £2,236.14 to 50 workers
Impact Call Centre Limited, Test Valley SO51, failed to pay £2,095.14 to 15 workers
4th Generation (NW) Limited, Stockport SK6, failed to pay £2,086.41 to 1 worker
A Johnson Construction Limited, Cheshire East CW1, failed to pay £2,033.45 to 2 workers
Thurlestone Estates Limited, trading as Thurlestone Hotel, South Hams TQ7, failed to pay £2,028.14 to 4 workers
Lakemere Green Limited, trading as Neville Hair & Beauty, Kensington and Chelsea SW1X, failed to pay £2,023.29 to 1 worker
Universal United Commerce Limited, City of Edinburgh EH6, failed to pay £2,009.88 to 2 workers
Patisserie Patchi Limited, trading as Patchi, Brent NW10, failed to pay £2,007.92 to 7 workers
Mr Mahendra Davda, trading as M M Davda, Birmingham B10, failed to pay £1,902.35 to 1 worker
Stef and Stan Ltd, St Albans AL2, failed to pay £1,900.59 to 2 workers
I Can Day Nurseries Limited , trading as Scamps Day Nursery, Cheshire East SK11, failed to pay £1,891.75 to 2 workers
Holbrook Academy, Babergh IP9, failed to pay £1,862.05 to 2 workers
Nath Stores Limited, Stockton-on-Tees TS17, failed to pay £1,823.69 to 1 worker
Vickers Construction Limited, Stockton-on-Tees TS18, failed to pay £1,809.35 to 1 worker
Manor House Hotel (Oakehampton) Limited, trading as The Manor House Hotel, West Devon EX20, failed to pay £1,776.33 to 31 workers
Extra Care for Elderly People Limited, Antrim and Newtownabbey BT41, failed to pay £1,775.79 to 6 workers
Rootcroft Limited, trading as West House Residential Home, Southend-on-Sea SS0, failed to pay £1,774.39 to 13 workers
Little Footprints Nursery Limited, Leicester LE5, failed to pay £1,760.15 to 1 worker
Marcandi Limited, trading as madbid.com, Westminster SW1P, failed to pay £1,743.48 to 1 worker
Clean as a Whistle Super Hand Car Wash Ltd, Plymouth PL5, failed to pay £1,706.26 to 2 workers
Lyndhurst School, Surrey Heath GU15, failed to pay £1,696.21 to 3 workers
Ms Lorna O’Donnell, trading as Snowdons Hairdressing Salon, Solihull B36, failed to pay £1,675.71 to 1 worker
Twinkles (Leeds) Limited, Leeds LS2, failed to pay £1,617.87 to 8 workers
Ritcin Limited, trading as Starbucks, Belfast BT1, failed to pay £1,592.79 to 79 workers
Cedar Tree Care Home Ltd, Derby DE23, failed to pay £1,531.99 to 11 workers
Dan Skelton Racing Limited, Stratford-on-Avon B49, failed to pay £1,520.19 to 3 workers
Fast Car wash Ltd, trading as Waves Hand Car Wash, Basildon SS15, failed to pay £1,444.16 to 3 workers
G.Purchase Construction Limited, Walsall WS2, failed to pay £1,392.55 to 8 workers
Dr Baber Ghafoor and Dr S A Abbasi, Rochdale OL11, failed to pay £1,355.98 to 6 workers
Feather and Black , Chichester PO19, failed to pay £1,333.25 to 31 workers
ADI Hand Car Wash Ltd, Epping Forest CM5, failed to pay £1,304.77 to 6 workers
Independent Community Care Management Limited, Kettering NN15, failed to pay £1,301.82 to 14 workers
Crystal Knitwear Limited, Mansfield NG18, failed to pay £1,144.48 to 6 workers
Georgie Porgy’s Pre-School Ltd, Havering RM12, failed to pay £1,142.13 to 6 workers
Stoke City Football Club Limited, trading as Stoke City F.C., Stoke-on-Trent ST4, failed to pay £1,102.62 to 7 workers
Parkers Mini Buses (Ellesmere Port) Limited, Cheshire West and Chester CH65, failed to pay £1,092.56 to 5 workers
Fosters Bakery (Staincross) Limited, Barnsley S75, failed to pay £1,074.93 to 1 worker
James Ritchie Clocks (established 1809) Ltd, City of Edinburgh EH3, failed to pay £1,064.66 to 2 workers
Poppies WL & S Limited, trading as Poppies, West Lancashire L39, failed to pay £1,061.70 to 69 workers
Rudan Knightsbridge Limited, trading as Daniel Hersheson, Kensington and Chelsea SW1X, failed to pay £1,060.55 to 4 workers
Achieving Excellence UK Ltd, Tameside SK16, failed to pay £1,031.19 to 1 worker
Focus Food Services Limited, Chesterfield S43, failed to pay £1,007.73 to 6 workers
Mr Peter Watts, trading as 3ccc, Birmingham B44, failed to pay £1,006.67 to 2 workers
Days Poole Limited, trading as Day’s Restaurant, Poole BH12, failed to pay £1,001.34 to 19 workers
Europa Foods Distribution Limited, Causeway Coast and Glens BT51, failed to pay £976.55 to 2 workers
Grade House Limited, Brent HA0, failed to pay £951.75 to 1 worker
Alison Margaret Smith, trading as A.M.S Hair & Beauty, City of Edinburgh EH12, failed to pay £935.21 to 1 worker
Mrs Angela Fox, trading as Café Express, Stockton-on-Tees TS18, failed to pay £870.21 to 1 worker
Redhill Service Centre Limited, Gedling NG5, failed to pay £825.24 to 1 worker
Shoe Zone Retail Limited, Leicester LE1, failed to pay £804.88 to 15 workers
Arcadis Consulting (UK) Limited, Cardiff CF3, failed to pay £796.72 to 2 workers
RPP Wood Green Ltd, trading as Roosters Piri Piri, Haringey N22, failed to pay £779.39 to 3 workers
Mrs Lisa Chakir, trading as Chairs Hairdresser, West Lothian EH49, failed to pay £774.86 to 1 worker
Mrs Jacqueline Young, trading as The Forum (previous ownership), Northumberland NE63, failed to pay £770.01 to 1 worker
Mr George Hanson and Mr James Hanson, trading as Punycode Riding Stables, Shropshire SY10, failed to pay £747.9 to 4 workers
Express Vision (UK) Ltd, Birmingham B18, failed to pay £727.35 to 1 worker
Sanjay Foods (UK) Limited, Leicester LE4, failed to pay £719.18 to 6 workers
Indulge Me Limited, trading as Indulge, Harrow HA5, failed to pay £718.1 to 1 worker
Mr Christopher James Hill, trading as D&A Sheds, Aylesbury Vale MK18, failed to pay £701.37 to 1 worker
Bush House Pembroke Limited, Pembrokeshire SA71, failed to pay £686.92 to 6 workers
Miss Zoe MacDonald, trading as Unique Hair & Beauty, Na h-Eileanan Siar HS1, failed to pay £686 to 1 worker
VF Cash & Carry Limited, trading as Variety Foods, Newham E7, failed to pay £667.86 to 19 workers
MRN Recruitment Limited, South Holland PE11, failed to pay £628 to 265 workers
Gloss Hairdressing Limited, Harrogate HG5, failed to pay £618.57 to 4 workers
Rainbow Brite Cleaning Services Limited, Newport NP20, failed to pay £585.95 to 9 workers
The Urban Chocolatier Limited, Newham E7, failed to pay £578.01 to 1 worker
Edworthy Computing Limited, Mid Devon EX17, failed to pay £548.45 to 1 worker
Mumtaz Leeds Limited, trading as Mumtaz, Leeds LS10, failed to pay £540 to 1 worker
East Lancashire Services Limited, Rochdale OL10, failed to pay £539.49 to 28 workers
Plaistow Broadway Filling Stations Limited, Basildon CM12, failed to pay £535.53 to 1 worker
NTCDucting.com Limited, Swansea SA7, failed to pay £492.17 to 1 worker
Mr Ali Qerimi, trading as Olympic Hand Car Wash, Newham E15, failed to pay £475.5 to 2 workers
Moulsham Residential Home (Chelmsford) Limited, Chelmsford CM2, failed to pay £474.82 to 2 workers
Blaxills Fitted Furniture Limited, trading as Blaxills, St Albans AL2, failed to pay £472.46 to 1 worker
Miss Tracey Henry, trading as Valentinos Hair Salon, Southampton SO15, failed to pay £472.33 to 1 worker
Cragwood International Limited, trading as Cragwood Country House Hotel & Restaurant, South Lakeland LA23, failed to pay £467.78 to 3 workers
Step Up Security Services Ltd, Knowsley L33, failed to pay £462.42 to 28 workers
Mr Shahzad Iqbal Kiyani, trading as Aprana Café, Birmingham B8, failed to pay £452.5 to 1 worker
D K Leisure Ltd, trading as Bushtown Hotel, Causeway Coast and Glens BT51, failed to pay £448.13 to 2 workers
Clear-View Fife Limited, trading as Clear-View Cleaning Specialists, Fife KY6, failed to pay £431.63 to 1 worker
Capital (Hair and Beauty) Limited, Eastbourne BN21, failed to pay £427.4 to 78 workers
Saramago Ltd, trading as Saramago Café Bar, Glasgow City G2, failed to pay £425.63 to 4 workers
McClarance Services Limited, trading as Elliot McClarance, Trafford WA14, failed to pay £416.17 to 2 workers
Entier Limited, Aberdeenshire AB32, failed to pay £403.07 to 1 worker
DSM N.E. Ltd, County Durham DL5, failed to pay £395.57 to 1 worker
Darren Dickie, trading as Darren Dickie Roofing & Building Contractor, Barrow-in-Furness LA14, failed to pay £392.22 to 1 worker
Biddall Leisure Limited, trading as The Vine Hotel, East Lindsey PE24, failed to pay £389.77 to 1 worker
Legal Square Ltd, Manchester M12, failed to pay £370.13 to 1 worker
Neath Road Car Sales & Car Wash Ltd, Wiltshire SA1, failed to pay £348.69 to 5 workers
Mr Shakil Shah, trading as Town Fryer, St. Helens WA10, failed to pay £347.31 to 3 workers
Jackson Gray Limited, trading as Jackson Gray, Dundee City DD3, failed to pay £343.38 to 3 workers
Mrs Elaine Phillips and Mr Mitchell Phillips, trading as Studio 57 Clinic, Brighton and Hove BN3, failed to pay £339.03 to 2 workers
Maxine Adams, Kensington and Chelsea SW3, failed to pay £312.45 to 1 worker
4TheHouse Limited, Leeds LS14, failed to pay £288.1 to 1 worker
Ari Pizza Ltd, trading as Marmaris Pizza, Ashfield NG17, failed to pay £287.8 to 2 workers
Hales Group Limited, Peterborough PE1, failed to pay £285.08 to 6 workers
Mariner Travel Limited, Warrington WA13, failed to pay £281.72 to 1 worker
P&P Duff (Scotland) Limited, trading as Patrick, Renfrewshire PA1, failed to pay £280.15 to 1 worker
Grand Union Company Limited, Lambeth SE11, failed to pay £271.28 to 6 workers
Mr Ahmed Faalzada, trading as Pizza on Broadway, Kingston upon Thames KT6, failed to pay £266.25 to 1 worker
Ducati Manchester Limited, Trafford M33, failed to pay £246.88 to 1 worker
Ms Fiona Latham, trading as The Wellington Hotel, Halton L24, failed to pay £233.55 to 1 worker
Tsang’s Kitchen Ltd, Wiltshire SN10, failed to pay £221.1 to 1 worker
Mr Nicholas Tsaroullas, Mr John Yiamokis Tsaroullas and Mrs Kyriacou Tsaroullas , trading as Mentone Hotel, North Somerset BS23, failed to pay £209.44 to 4 workers
GAF Foods Limited, trading as Subway, Haringey N4 1, failed to pay £200.81 to 5 workers
Tanna’s Limited, Brent NW10, failed to pay £194.54 to 1 worker
P&A Food Management Services Limited, Hambleton DL8, failed to pay £186.39 to 11 workers
Mr Tino Cernera, trading as Da Vinci, Dacorum HP23, failed to pay £183.83 to 2 workers
Mrs Carole Bentley, trading as Tenford Kennels, Staffordshire Moorlands ST10, failed to pay £182.12 to 1 worker
Yeovil Football & Athletic Club (The), trading as Yeovil Town F.C, South Somerset BA22, failed to pay £174.18 to 2 workers
Casa Bianco Limited, trading as The White Rooms, Southampton SO14, failed to pay £171.2 to 1 worker
Ms Karly Skerman and Mr Ray Booth, trading as Billy Rays Store, East Riding of Yorkshire YO15, failed to pay £161.67 to 1 worker
Orchard Care (South West) limited, trading as Restgarth Care Home, Cornwall PL13, failed to pay £161.27 to 7 workers
Always Cleaning Limited, Oldham OL9, failed to pay £154.58 to 2 workers
Mr Hamid Noori, trading as Valley Road Hand Car Wash, Plymouth PL7, failed to pay £153.3 to 1 worker
London Irish Scottish Richmond Limited, trading as London Irish, Spelthorne TW16, failed to pay £131.73 to 1 worker
Mr Sean Hornby, trading as The Queens Hotel, Bury BL2, failed to pay £129.45 to 1 worker
SM News Limited, Wigan WN7, failed to pay £120 to 1 worker
Riverside Pizza Company Limited, trading as La Figa, Tower Hamlets E14, failed to pay £100.83 to 1 worker