The 17-year-old was arrested on suspicion of two counts of attempted murder and firearms offences after two shootings on Manor Lane, Manor, in the space of six days.
In the first incident on Wednesday, May 5, shots were fired between the occupants of two vehicles in the street.
The following day, police officers executed a search warrant at an address in Manor Lane as part of their investigation into the incident.
At 12.30am on Tuesday, May 11, armed officers responded to reports that shots were fired towards that same house.
Senior investigating officer, Detective Chief Inspector Paul Murphy, of South Yorkshire Police, said: “I appreciate these incidents happening in such close proximity will be extremely concerning for local residents, however please be assured that my team has been working tirelessly over the past week to identify and locate those responsible.”