VIDEO: Happy Lands of ‘barbaric’ pit strike

A former striking miner who took part in the Battle for Orgreave is now considering a movie career after his acting debut earned him a BAFTA nomination, writes Graham Walker.

Joki Wallace, star of The Happy Lands
Joki Wallace, star of The Happy Lands

Joki Wallace, aged 59, was plucked from obscurity to take a leading role in a film about the 1926 General Strike, called The Happy Lands.

The acclaimed independent film - out now on DVD - tells how, seven years after the slaughter in the trenches, millions of workers took part in the biggest walkout in British history.

It was a stand against savage austerity cuts imposed by a Liberal-Conservative Government of the time.

Joki Wallace, star of The Happy Lands

VIDEO: Press the play button to watch the official trailer for The Happy Lands.

The film tells the story of the General Strike through the eyes of three mining families in the so-called Happy Lands of Fife, Scotland. But it has resonated with former pit families throughout the country, including in South Yorkshire, following screenings at Sheffield’s Showroom, Barnsley Civic and at the nearby National Mining Museum.

The DVD is expected to attract even more interest as local communities gear up to remember next year’s 30th anniversary of the 1984 strike.

And Joki, now a college technical assistant, who worked down the pits for 30 years, is hoping it might even launch his film career.

The Happy Lands out now on DVD

VIDEO: Press the play button to watch the official trailer for Happy Lands.

He initially volunteered to help with research for The Theatre Workshop Scotland production of The Happy Lands but ended up playing one of the main characters, Dan Guthrie.

It’s a role he understands well, as both his father and grandfather went out on strike in 1926.

And, in 1984, he was a miner when the NUM stood up to then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

The Happy Lands: Telling the harrowing story of a mining community in the 1926 General strike.

“My worst memory was not having anything. We got money to look after the bairns – I had two daughters – and milk tokens,” said Joki, real name George, who was brought up in the mining village of West Fife.

“It was hellish. I had to tell the building society I couldn’t pay the mortgage. They said we could square up when it was over. They probably thought it would last a fortnight – it lasted a year.

“But the 1984 strike was nothing compared to what the miners endured in 1926. It was barbaric.

“Back then the rich still partied on champagne while people starved and froze, and it’s happening today. In 1926, you stood together. Memories fade though.

Fitzalan Square in the old days - scene of protest during 1926 General Strike

“We have been showing this film in schools and you can hear a pin drop as the children realise that this happened in mining communities.

“It is important to show you can make a stand.”

Director Robert Rae added: “Joki, who plays the lead, was sacked from his pit during the 1984-5 strike and was at Orgreave. He was nominated for a BAFTA, much to his amazement after just coming to a workshop to tell a few stories.”


There were estimated to be between 1.5 and 1.75 million people on strike during the General Strike of 1926.

The transport network was crippled, printing presses ground to a halt and food deliveries were held up.

Arthur Scargill, leader of the National Union of Miners, faces a line of policemen at the Battle of Orgreave, 1984

Fights broke out between police and strikers in cities across the UK.

Barnsley Trades council vice-chair Dave Gibson, who spoke before the screening of The Happy Lands at the Civic, said: “There are echoes of the 1984-5 strike and of course many people in Barnsley have family memories of the General Strike too.

“It tells a powerful story of workers standing up for their rights against brutal treatment from both the employers and the state.”

Tony Garnett, who produced Barnsley-based 1969 British film classic Kes, said of The Happy Lands: “I’m still not sure everyone appreciates just how significant the film is.

“It’s a permanent testimony to an important moment which deserves to live forever. It is the working class telling working class history. This is rare and valuable,” he added.

BUY THE HAPPY LANDS ON DVD: The Happy Lands, certificate 12, is out now on DVD, including a behind-the-scenes featurette and gala screening footage extras. Distributed by Soda Pictures & Theatre Workshop Scotland, it is available from websites including - CLICK HERE.


Would you do more work for less money knowing the owners of your company were making a profit?

Probably not.

And if one of your colleagues had been injured in the line of duty because said bosses had cut corners on safety?

Well, no prizes for guessing the answer to that.

Director Robert Rae’s new film The Happy Lands takes place in the Scottish village of Carhill, in the heart of the Fife coal?elds during 1926.

It follows one mining community as they are pushed towards a labour con?ict with the Kingdom Coal Company in a lock out lasting seven months.

As the coal company demand longer hours for less pay, the miners and their families chant “Not a penny off the pay, not a minute on the day”.

Chances are you’ll not recognise any of the actors here. There’s no Ewan McGregor or James McAvoy added to sell it to an American audience.

There’s no token Stateside thesps adopting Scots accents to ensure it’ll put bums on seats in Alaska or Georgia.

However, there is a cast of talented newcomers all doing a fine job of telling an important story.

I spoke to Bradford-born Robert Rae about his new movie which opened at the Glasgow Film Festival, and has been attracting a buzz from Seattle to Beijing.


I’d done a large community play called “Go See Fanny Deakin” with the Staffordshire miners. In the pubs they had pictures on the wall of a film that Paul Robeson did called Proud Valley.

At that time I said to the miners I was working with that “It would be great to make a film with miners playing miners”, so when it came along, Creative Scotland came up with a scheme which said, “If there’s a project you would like to do but would never normally get the funding, now is the time to ask”.

So I went to the Fife miners and everybody was really up for it.


I had talked about doing a piece about the ‘84/’85 strike, but people felt it was still too close and too bitter in peoples’ memory, and so looking at the ‘26 strike, it had a lot of parallels with today, and also people felt that that kind of oral history was disappearing really.

Literally the people who were of living memory, there were very few left, and even now the people who were told stories by their parents were getting old as well. People felt it was important to capture such an important moment in their history really.


All three I suppose in their differing ways. Actually it was a pleasure working with the people. We did some very detailed research. There were some fantastic documents there in Fife about it, but also we wanted to capture peoples’ stories because much of it was through oral history; we kind of invited people in to tell their stories, and then we said “Why don’t you come and get involved and play your grandparents or your great grandparents or something?”

People came to it because of the nature of the subject matter. When I developed the script I was aware of the actors who were playing the parts, so we could build the parts around the people who we knew could play them, so hopefully it all felt quite natural by the end, which is why I think the performances feel very authentic.

The previous film I’d done, Trouble Sleeping, had gone down very well and the BBC had screened that, so they bought the license. So between the two, that’s how it was mainly covered from the finance point of view.

On the finance front it was just good timing that Creative Scotland was just being formed from the Scottish Arts Council, and I think rather than make an investment into buildings, they wanted to make an investment into large projects that people could get involved in.

I see the way I work as a partnership. I know how to make a film, but I don’t know what it was like to be brought up and be part of a mining community, so “You tell me about that and I’ll take you to the point where we can create one with all the skills and discipline that you need, but you need to tell me the story”, so it was a kind of partnership.

“I find it a real privilege these kind of projects to get that kind of depth and insight into communities and how they lived.”


They did. What you lack in perhaps the minimalist sort of slick acting style that we’ve come to expect from Hollywood, you gain in an authenticity and a passion. And also when you look at the screen and it’s full of real people and real faces.

“It’s interesting to see the response that creates in audiences. I’ve done lots and lots of screenings up and down the country and people afterwards don’t feel the need to be Barry Norman. They’re more likely to come and say, ‘Well, this is my family’s story, this is what the film meant to me.’ “

It’s something about ordinary people talking to ordinary people it makes audiences relax with it, and they’re very comfortable with it.


We’ve played it in Beijing twice; It’s played in Seattle; It’s going to play in New York, it’s been in France, and Germany.

Miners are a bit like travellers. They see themselves as miners before they see themselves as being Scottish miners, English miners or American miners, so there’s been a lot of genuine interest from other mining communities.

We were hoping to play it in Chile, and we’ve been invited to play in Bolivia, and it’s because it’s about mining as well. Miners are always interested in stories of other miners.”

* The Happy Lands out now on DVD. Soda Pictures & Theatre Workshop Scotland.

The Battle of Orgreave where Margret Thathcher finally achieved her dream of beating the miners.