Hillsborough inquest: The 14 questions the jury will answer today

Handout photo issued by the Hillsborough Inquests of the Hillsborough football ground shown to the inquests. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo.
Handout photo issued by the Hillsborough Inquests of the Hillsborough football ground shown to the inquests. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo.

The Hillsborough inquest jury has finished its deliberations and will give its verdicts from 11am this morning.

Here are the 14 questions they will be answering as part of their conclusions:

1. Do you agree with the following statement: On April 15 1989, 96 people died in the disaster as a result of crushing in the central pens of the Leppings Lane terrace, following the admission of a large number of supporters to the stadium through the exit gates.

2. Was there any error or omission in police planning and preparation for the semi-final on April 15, 1989, which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation that developed on the day of the match?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission in planning or preparation may have caused or contributed to the dangerous situation.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

3. Was there any error or omission in policing on the day of the match which caused or contributed to a dangerous situation developing at the Leppings Lane turnstiles?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission in policing MAY have caused or contributed.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

4. Was there any error or omission by commanding officers which caused or contributed to the crush on the terrace?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission by commanding officers may have caused or contributed to the crush.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

5. When the order was given to open the exit gates at the Leppings Lane end of the stadium, was there any error or omission by the commanding officers in the control box which caused or contributed to the crush on the terrace?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission by commanding officers may have caused or contributed to the crush.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

6. Are you satisfied, so that you are sure, that those who died in the disaster were unlawfully killed?

Coroner Sir John Goldring said that to answer yes to that question, the jury needs to be sure that match commander David Duckenfield was responsible for the manslaughter by gross negligence of the 96 people who died.

He said they would have to be sure that Mr Duckenfield owed a duty of care to the 96 people who died, that he breached that duty of care, that his breach caused their deaths and that the breach amounted to “gross negligence”.

7. Was there any behaviour on the part of the football supporters which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation at the Leppings Lane turnstiles?”

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any behaviour may have caused or contributed to the dangerous situation.

If they answer yes to either questions they will be asked: “Was that behaviour unusual or unforeseeable?”

They are able to give an explanation if they want to.

8. Were there any features of the design, construction and layout of the stadium which you consider were dangerous or defective and which caused or contributed to the disaster?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any features MAY have caused or contributed to the crush.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

9. Was there any error or omission in the safety certification and oversight of Hillsborough Stadium that caused or contributed to the disaster?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any errors or omissions in the safety certification or oversight may have caused or contributed to the crush.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

10. Was there any error or omission by Sheffield Wednesday and its staff in the management of the stadium and/or preparation for the semi-final match on April 15, 1989, which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation that developed on the day of the match?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission may have caused or contributed to the dangerous situation.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

11. Was there any error or omission by Sheffield Wednesday and its staff on April 15, 1989, which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation that developed at the Leppings Lane turnstiles and in the west terrace?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission may have caused or contributed to the dangerous situation.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

12. Should Eastwood and Partners (structural engineers) have done more to detect and advise on any unsafe or unsatisfactory features of Hillsborough Stadium which caused or contributed to the disaster?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether Eastwood and Partners should have done more to advise on features which MAY have caused or contributed to the disaster.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

13. After the crush in the west terrace had begun to develop, was there any error or omission by the police which caused or contributed to the loss of lives in the disaster?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether any error or omission MAY have caused or contributed to the loss of lives.

They will be able to explain their answer if they wish to.

14. After the crush in the west terrace had begun to develop, was there any error or omission by the ambulance service (SYMAS) which caused or contributed to the loss of lives in the disaster?

If they answer no, the jury will be asked whether there was any error or omission which may have caused or contributed to the loss of lives.