Not a single pupil from Barnsley went to Oxford or Cambridge universities in 2011 according to figures just released by the Government.
In Sheffield the figure was one per cent, which ties in with the national average.
In most other authorities the figure was less that 0.5 per cent.
Across Yorkshire as a whole, 138 schools or colleges had no Oxbridge entrants, out of just over 200 institutions.
And 28 schools didn’t manage to send a single student to one of the top 24 universities, known as the Russell Group.
No data was released for Rotherham because the numbers of students involved at some schools were so small the data risked identifying individuals.
The Department for Education said they had produced the new figures to give parents more information when choosing schools.
Schools Minister David Laws warned the figures showed that a gulf exists in the performance of different state schools.
He said: “We are publishing this data so people can see how different schools, colleges and authorities perform. Parents have more information than ever before.”