Campaigners have been refused an application to list an 18th Century mill building which was more recently used as a pub.
Members of Hallamshire Historic Buildings Society applied to English Heritage to list the disused Joseph Glover pub, on Station Road, Mosborough.
The request was made after a planning application was submitted to Sheffield Council to demolish the building, which dates back to 1776.
No redevelopment proposals have yet been put forward for the site – converted into a pub in the 1980s and named after a former miller.
Howard Greaves, of Hallamshire Historic Buildings Society, said: “It’s a real shame that this building could now be lost.
“It could have been converted into lovely apartments.”
Mr Greaves added: “The mill has an Eastern Counties character and to my knowledge there are no similar rural mill structures in Sheffield.”